His father, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck —was a Junker estate owner and a former Prussian military officer; his mother, Wilhelmine Luise Mencken —was the well educated daughter of a senior government official in Berlin. He had two siblings:
Otto's mother was the daughter of a Protestant family of bankers and civil servants from Baden. Otto Warburg studied chemistry under Emil Fischerand earned his doctorate in chemistry in Berlin in He then studied under Ludolf von Krehl and earned the degree of doctor of medicine in Heidelberg in Between andWarburg was affiliated with the Naples Marine Biological Stationin NaplesItaly, where he conducted research.
In later years, he would return for visits, and maintained a lifelong friendship with the family of the station's director, Anton Dohrn. A lifelong equestrian, he served as an officer in the elite Uhlans cavalry on the front during the First World Warwhere he won the Iron Cross.
Warburg later credited this experience with affording him invaluable insights into "real life" outside the confines of academia. Toward the end of the war, when the outcome was unmistakable, Albert Einsteinwho had been a friend of Warburg's father Emil, wrote to Warburg at the behest of friends, asking him to leave the army and return to academia, since it would be a tragedy for the world to lose his talents.
Einstein and Warburg later became friends, and Einstein's work in physics had a great influence on Warburg's biochemical research. Warburg, While working at the Marine Biological Station, Warburg performed research on oxygen consumption in sea urchin eggs after fertilization and proved that upon fertilization the rate of respiration increases as much as sixfold.
His experiments also proved iron is essential for the development of the larval stage. By he was named director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Cell Physiologywhich was founded the previous year by a donation of the Rockefeller Foundation to the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft since renamed the Max Planck Society.
Warburg investigated the metabolism of tumors and the respiration of cellsparticularly cancer cells, and in was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology for his "discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme".
National Research Council to study with Warburg. During his time with Warburg,Wald discovered vitamin A in the retina. Survival under the Nazis[ edit ] When the Nazis came to power, people of Jewish descent were forced from their professional positions, although the Nazis made exceptions.
Warburg had a Protestant mother and a father with Jewish heritage who had converted to Protestantism. Although banned from teaching, he was allowed to carry on his research.
Mischling and in September he issued an official request for equal status "Gleichstellung" with Germans, which was granted. After the end of the Second World War, he made inquiries about moving to the United States of America, but his approach then was turned down.
In Warburg relocated his laboratory to the village of Liebenburg on the outskirts of Berlin to avoid ongoing air attacks. Warburg hypothesis Warburg hypothesized that cancer growth is caused by tumor cells generating energy as, e.
This is in contrast to healthy cells, which mainly generate energy from oxidative breakdown of pyruvate. Pyruvate is an end product of glycolysis and is oxidized within the mitochondria. Hence, according to Warburg, cancer should be interpreted as a mitochondrial dysfunction. Cancer, above all other diseases, has countless secondary causes.
But, even for cancer, there is only one prime cause. Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a fermentation of sugar.
Warburg,  Warburg continued to develop the hypothesis experimentally and gave several prominent lectures outlining the theory and the data. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
An unabashed anglophileOtto Warburg was thrilled when Oxford University awarded him an honorary doctorate. He would ask officials to mail him medals he had been awarded so as to avoid a ceremony that would separate him from his beloved laboratory.
This caused him to become something of a health advocate. He insisted on eating bread made from wheat grown organically on land that belonged to him.
When he visited restaurants, he often arranged to pay for a cup of tea, but to be served only boiling water, from which he would make tea with a tea bag he had brought with him.
He was also known to go to great lengths to obtain organic butter, the quality of which he trusted. All of Issels' convictions were overturned. Warburg pursued his research until the age of Inhe suffered a broken femur.
This was complicated by deep vein thrombosis. He died in from pulmonary embolism and was buried in a Christian cemetery.Otto Heinrich Warburg (/ ˈ v ɑːr b ɜːr ɡ /; 8 October – 1 August ), son of physicist Emil Warburg, was a German physiologist, medical doctor, and Nobel laureate. He served as an officer in the elite Uhlan (cavalry regiment) during the First World War, and was awarded the Iron Cross (1st Class) for bravery.
Fields: Cell biology. Humanistic psychology 1 Humanistic psychology Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective which rose to prominence in the midth century, drawing on the work of early pioneers like Carl Rogers and the philosophies of existentialism and phenomenology.
BIOGRAPHY. Alexander Calder was born in , the second child of artist parents—his father was a sculptor and his mother a painter. Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family . An extensive article describing the life, ideas, and writings of the German military philosopher Carl von Clausewitz for a general English-speaking audience.
Consciousness Timeline by Steve Dinan Steve Dinan's Consciousness Timeline, which comes to grupobittia.com under Special Arrangement with the Transformative Community Network, is a marvel of brevity and depth. From until Otto Hahn’s professional home was the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry (KWIC, ﬁgure 2), the ﬁrst of many research institutes that were founded and administered by the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (Gesellschaft.