During the late 19th century, why might an American farmer have supported the Populist Movement? Populists advocated federal intervention to counter economic challenges that many farmers faced.
Abolitionist Movement, reform movement during the 18th and 19th centuries. Often called the antislavery movement, it sought to end the enslavement of Africans and people of African descent in Europe, the Americas, and Africa itself see Slavery in Africa.
It also aimed to end the Atlantic slave trade carried out in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa, Europe, and the Americas. The historical roots of abolitionism lay in black resistance to slavery. Such resistance began during the 15th century as Africans enslaved by Europeans often sought to kill their captors or themselves.
By the late s Christian morality, new ideas about liberty and human rights that came about as a result of the American and French revolutions, and economic changes led to an effort among blacks and whites to end human bondage. Those who employed slave labor in the Americas resisted abolitionist efforts.
First, slaveholders believed that their economic prosperity demanded the continuation of slavery. In order to work the large plantations in the Americas, huge amounts of labor were required. African slaves were cheaper and more readily available than white indentured laborers from Europe, and because they already had some immunity to European diseases, Africans were less likely to die from those diseases than were Native Americans.
Second, employers of slave labor feared for their own safety if the slaves were freed. Due to the large number of slaves brought to the Americas, several regions had slave majorities. Slave owners worried that if slaves were suddenly freed, they might take over or exact revenge on their former masters.
Although abolitionism existed in Europe and in the American colonies of several European nations, the struggle between antislavery and proslavery forces was most protracted, bitter, and bloody in the United States.
As a result of the abolitionist movement, the institution of slavery ceased to exist in Europe and the Americas byalthough it was not completely legally abolished in Africa until the first quarter of the 20th century. While the abolitionist movement's greatest achievement was certainly the liberation of millions of black people from servitude, it also reflected the triumph of modern ideas of freedom and human rights over older social forms based on privileged elites and social stratification.
The Atlantic slave trade began in Africa in the mids and lasted into the 19th century. Initially, Portuguese traders purchased small numbers of slaves from kingdoms on the western coast of Africa and transported them for sale in Portugal and Spain.
The Atlantic slave trade did not become a huge enterprise until after European nations began colonizing the Americas during the s. During the s the Dutch pushed the Portuguese out of the trade and then contested the British and French for control of it. By Britain had emerged as the dominant slave-trading nation.
In all, the trade brought more than 10 million Africans to America, and at least another 1 million Africans died in passage. The brutality of the Atlantic slave trade and of slavery itself played an important role in the origins of the abolitionist movement.
Those subjected to the trade suffered horribly: They were chained, branded, crowded onto disease-ridden slave ships, and abused by ship's crews. Many Africans died on the ships well before they arrived in the Americas. Once in the colonies, slaves were deprived of their human rights, made to endure dreadful conditions, and forced to perform backbreaking labor.
Despite the horrors of the slave trade and slavery, white opposition to the institution developed slowly. The economies of many of the colonies were based on huge plantations that required large labor forces in order to be profitable.
Also, views of society at the time were very hierarchical, and many people simply accepted the fact that classes of people they considered lower than themselves should be enslaved. In addition, the widespread perception that blacks were culturally, morally, and intellectually inferior to whites contributed to the longevity of the system.
It was not until the early 18th century that attitudes began to change. Black resistance was the most important of these factors.directly contributed to its growth? (1)People from all nations should be welcomed. (2)Educated professionals should be given the labor union movement on the nation (4)the oil industry in increasing American power in Which statement about labor unions in the late s is illustrated by these headlines?
UNITED STATES HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT Tuesday, June 19, — to p.m., only SCORING KEY AND RATING GUIDE growth of labor unions, growth of monopolies, growth of reform movements, and increased urbanization. (how industrial growth contributed totwo changes in American life and discussing one positive or one negative effect. The Inventory of American Labor Landmarks, directed by Saul Schniderman, is a catalog of sites in the United States commemorating the history and heritage of America’s workers. Center for Labor Education & Research University of Hawai‘i - West O‘ahu () - FAX () Even away from the plantations the labor movement was small and weak. As early as there was a Hawaiian Mechanics Benefit Union which lasted only a few years. this group became the White Mechanics and Workmen and in
(1)the end of rural life and. One of the major factors in the s that contributed to the growth of the American labor movement was the fact that in the majority of occupations there was very unsafe working conditions. Which factor contributed most to the beginning of the women's-rights movement in the United States during the mids?
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The labor history timeline highlights the key events and the people who helped bring about radical changes in the workplace and society. becomes an AFL-CIO constituency group; AFL-CIO membership renewed growth.
The Labor Movement and Workplace Rights. The American Labor Museum is housed in the Botto House National . Early New England textile mills largely relied on female labor. The Growth of Immigration Economic expansion fueled a demand for labor, which was met, in part, by increased immigration from abroad.
The growth of large factories contributed to rising labor tensions in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-centuries. Issues like hours of work, safety, and working conditions all have a .